THEODOR SCHAEFER
1904-1969

Theodor Schaefer


BIOGRAPHY
LIST OF WORKS
SCOREOGRAPHY
DISCOGRAPHY
RECORDINGS
BIBLIOGRAPHY
AUTOGRAPHS

CZECH VERSION

BIOGRAPHY

Theodor Schaefer was born on 23 January, 1904 in Telc. During the years 1922-1926, he studied composition with Jaroslav Kvapil and conducting with Frantisek Neumann at the Brno Conservatory. He continued his music education at the Prague Conservatory where he studied composition under Vitezslav Novak (1926-1929). During 1930-1934 he taught at the Municipal Music School in Kutna Hora. In 1934 he moved to Brno where he taught composition and music theory, first at the private music school of Vaclav Kapral (1934-1940) and later at the Brno Conservatory (1940-1959). In 1959 Schaefer became a professor of composition at the Janacek Academy of Music in Brno (his students included Pavel Blatny, Ctirad Kohoutek, Ivan Petrzelka, Alois Pinos, Zdenek Pololanik, Zdenek Zouhar, and others). For several years he also conducted Brnenske orchestralni sdruzeni and Radiojournal Ensemble. During 1960s he served as chair of the Union of Czechoslovak Composers (Brno branch) and was instrumental in founding the Brno International Music Festival. Theodor Schaefer died on 19 March, 1969 in Brno.


LIST OF WORKS

  • Jaro prichazi, op. 1. Voice and piano. 1925. | Three songs for female voice and piano: 1. Radost, 2. Slunecko, 3. Panenka pro stesti.
  • String Quartet I, op. 2. 1929 | String quartet.
  • Postovni schranka, op. 3. Mixed choir. 1932 | Three-voice canon for women's choir with men's choir accompaniment.
  • Violin Concerto, op. 4. Violin and piano. 1933
  • Wind Quintet, op. 5. Flute, oboe, clarinet, French horn, and bassoon. 1934-1935
  • Sonatina, op. 6 . Piano. 1935-1936
  • Romanticke skladby, op. 7. Piano. 1936 | Cycle of piano compositions: 1. Vecer, 2. Ty, 3. Vzpominka, 4. Vysmech, 5. Matce. Thema con variazioni.
  • Etudes, op 8. Piano. 1936-1937 | Five-movement piano suite.
  • Scherzo Piccolo, op. 9. Orchestra. 1937
  • Piano Concerto, op. 10. Piano and orchestra. 1937-1943
  • Etudes, op. 11. Piano. 1937-1938 | 1. Polka, 2. Valse
  • Valasska serenada, op. 12. Orchestra. 1939 | Symphonic poem.
  • Index, op. 13a. Piano. 1938 | 1. Pochod, 2. Romance, 3. Listek do pamatniku, 4. Elegie, 5. Ekloga, 6. Valse brillante, 7. Polka, 8. Ukolebavka.
  • Index, op. 13b. Piano. 1938 | 1. Popevek, 2. Pisen, 3. Rikadlo, 4. Choral, 5. Serenada, 6. Nokturno, 7. Aubade, 8. Humoreska.
  • Three Male Choruses, op. 14. Men's Choir. 1939 | 1. Ve tvem jmene, 2. Mobilisace, 3. Ukolebavka.
  • Ballad-Overture "Janosik," op. 15. Orchestra. 1939 | Overture for large orchestra.
  • String Quartet II, op. 16. 1940-1941 | String quartet.
  • Vlast Libusina, op. 17. Women's choir. 1940 | Three female choruses a cappella: 1. Materstina, 2. Nase pisen, 3. Vlast Libusina
  • Milostne balady, op. 18. Voice and piano. 1943 | Five songs for female voice and piano: 1. Uz neni, 2. Neuspavej, 3. Spici dite, 4. Nase jablonka, 5. Praha.
  • Zimni kantata, op. 19. Choir and orchestra. 1943-1945 | Cantata for soprano, mixed choir, and orchestra.
  • Elegie za Zdenicku, op. 20. Piano. 1944 | Five-movement piano suite.
  • String Quartet III, op. 21. 1944-1945 | String quartet
  • Divertimento mesto, op. 22. Flute, oboe, clarinet, French horn, bassoon, violin, viola, violoncello. 1946-1947 | Three-movement octet.
  • Legenda o stesti, op. 23. Orchestra. 1950-1953 | Cycle of four ballets with prologue and epilogue. Prologue, I. Koristnici, II. Saleni, III. Pouta, IV. Utlak, Epilogue.
  • Sinfonia pastorale concertante alla maniera di stile classico, op. 23a. Flute, oboe, bassoon, and orchestra. 1954 | Three movements based on music material from the ballet cycle.
  • Legenda o stesti - Suite, op. 23b. Orchestra. 1955 | Four-movement suite, based on music material from the ballet cycle.
  • Legenda o stesti - Pekelne tance, op. 23c. Orchestra. 1958 | From Prologue, ballet cycle.
  • Legenda o stesti - Tri casti, op. 23d. Orchestra. 1955 | Three parts based on music material from the ballet cycle.
  • Legenda o stesti - Dance Suite, op. 23f. Orchestra. 1958 | Five-movement suite based on music material from the ballet cycle.
  • Diathema for Viola and Orchestra, op. 24. Viola and orchestra. 1955-1956
  • Symphony, op. 25. Symphony orchestra. 1957-1961
  • Two Madrigals, op. 26. Women's choir. 1957 | Female choruses a capella. 1. Ceske pisne, 2. Chodska.
  • Barbar a ruze, op. 27. Piano and orchestra. 1958-1959
  • Rapsodicka reportaz, op. 28. Orchestra. 1959-1960.
  • Ciganovy housle, op. 29. Violin and Piano. 1960-1961
  • Fanfary pro Janackovu akademii muzickych umeni v Brne, op. 30. 4 trumpets, 3 trombones, 1 tuba. 1961 | Fanfares for eight brass instruments.
  • Bithematicon, op. 31. Voice and piano. 1967 | Four compositions for baritone and piano: 1. Podzim, 2. Sipkova ruze, 3. Les, 4. Písen o jarni louce.
  • Glosae instrumentale, op. 32. 2 pianos and chamber ensemble. 1965 | unfinished.
  • Svetske requiem, op. 33. 1964 | unfinished.

    works without opus numbers | early and occasional works

  • Songs. Voice and piano. | Collection of occasional songs for voice and piano: Raseni, Sezloutla ta lipa, Hvezdam, Balada horska, Balada detska, Cerveny kvet, Ma matka hrala.
  • Two String Quartets | String quartet.
  • Anemonky. Men's choir. | Male chorus.
  • Jura. Flute, clarinet, and string orchestra. 1921 | Stage music for flute, clarinet, and strings.
  • Vznik polky. Flute, clarinet, trumpet, trombone, and string orchestra. 1921
  • Honza dobrak. Voice, choir, and orchestra. 1923 | Children's opera for 2 sopranos, 1 tenor, 1 bass, children's and mixed choirs, and small orchestra.
  • Svanda dudak. Voice, choir, and orchestra. 1925 | Children's opera for small orchestra.
  • Podivny svet. Voice and piano. 1925-1926 | Cycle of five songs for tenor and piano.
  • Stvoreni. Orchestra. 1926 | Symphonic poem.
  • Passacaglia and Fugue for Large Orchestra. 1926-1927
  • Suite for Oboe and Piano. Oboe and piano. 1928
  • Tri ceske tance ve starem slohu. Orchestra. 1930 | Three dances for orchestra
  • Slavnostni sbor. Mixed choir. 1930
  • Zavate stezky. Women's choir. 1931 | Female chorus a capella.
  • Ukolebavka. Voice and piano. 1931
  • Prelude for piano, left hand. Piano. 1931
  • Maugli. Piano and choir. 1932 | Stage music
  • Julie aneb Snar. Piano, jazz instruments, and small orchestra. 1933-1934 | Melodrama.
  • Hudba k sokolskym cvicenim. 1947 | 1. Prostna starsich, 2. Cviceni dorostenek s obruci.
  • Slavnostni fanfary. Brass instruments. 1943 | Fanfares for brass instruments.
  • Slavnostni fanfary pro Univerzitu Palackeho v Olomouci. Brass instruments. 1948 | Fanfares for brass instruments.


    SCOREOGRAPHY

    Jaro prichazi, op. 1. Praha: Melantrich, 1938.
    Wind Quintet, op. 5. Brno: Pazdirek, 1936.
    Sonatina, op. 6. Praha-Brno: Melpa, 1936.
    Romanticke skladby, op. 7. Praha: HMUB-Melantrich, 1942. (Thema con variazioni first published in: Moravsti skladatele mladezi. Brno: Pazdirek, 1936.)
    Etudes, op 8. Praha: HMUB, 1939.
    Index, op. 13a. Praha: Melantrich, 1939. 2nd edition: Olomouc: Velehrad, 1948.
    Index, op. 13b. Olomouc: Velehrad, 1948.
    Karlu Capkovi. LN, 30.12. 1938.
    Hudba k sokolskym cvicenim. Brno: Sokol Brno I, 1947.
    Symphony, op. 25. Praha: Panton, 1980. (Score. Facsimile of the autograph).


    DISCOGRAPHY

    Symphony, op. 25. Panton 110 371 (1975).


    RECORDINGS
    available from the Czech Radio (Brno) Archives

    Jaro prichazi, op. 1. M. Krejci [voice], P. Kuchar [pf], 1968.
    Wind Quintet, op. 5. Foerster Wind Quintet, 1964, 1973.
    Sonatina, op. 6. J. Smykal [pf], 1982.
    Romanticke skladby, op. 7. J. Posadovsky [pf], 1974.
    Etudes, op 8. J. Posadovsky [pf], 1969.
    Valasska serenada, op. 12. Brno Philharmonic, J. Stych, 1978.
    Janosik, op. 15. Brno Philharmonic, Jaroslav Vogel, 1965; Brno Philharmonic, Jiri Belohlavek, 1974.
    Milostne balady, op. 18. V. Linhartova (voice), P. Kuchar [pf], 1968.
    Elegie za Zdenicku, op. 20. I. Stanovska [pf], 1977.
    String Quartet III, op. 21. Dolezal Quartet, 1959.
    Sinfonia pastorale concertante, op. 23a. Brno Philharmonic, Otakar Trhlik. Soloists: H. Kaslik, J. Svachta, F. Svoboda, 1956.
    Legenda o stesti (Suite), op. 23b. Brno Philharmonic, J. Waldhans, 1966.
    Legenda o stesti (Pekelne tance), op. 23c. Brno Philharmonic and Otakar Trhlik, 1961.
    Legenda o stesti, op. 23d. Brno Radio Orchestra, Bretislav Bakala, 1955.
    Diathema for Viola and Orchestra, op. 24. Brno Philharmonic, Bretislav Bakala. Soloist: R. Kozderka, 1957.
    Symphony, op. 25. Brno Philharmonic, Jiri Pinkas, 1964.
    Rapsodicka reportaz, op. 28. Brno Philharmonic, Otakar Trhlik, 1960; Brno Philharmonic, L. Matl, 1976.
    Ciganovy housle, op. 29. J. Dolezal [vl], R. Kvapil [pf], 1962.


    BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Cernusak, G., B. Stedron, and Z. Novacek [Eds.]. Ceskoslovensky hudebni slovnik osob a instituci. Praha: SHN, 1965.
    Francl, J. "Vzpominame." Zpravy (Telc), 1-2 (1979).
    Gardavsky, Cenek. Skladatele dneska. Praha: Panton, 1961.
    Martinkova, A. [Ed.]. Cesti skladatele soucasnosti. Praha: Panton, 1985.
    Linka, Arne. Hudebni skladatel Theodor Schaefer. Brno: Georgetown, 2002.
    Linka, Arne. "Theodor Schaefer jako hudebni teoretik." Opus musicum, 4-5 (1987):113-117 and 145-148.
    Linka, Arne. "Theodor Schaefer." Hudebni rozhledy 10 (1989): 464-467.
    Pecman, Rudolf. "Za Theodorem Schaefrem." Opus musicum, 1 (1969).
    Smetana, Robert. "Nekolik vzpominek na Theodora Schaefra a jeho ucitele Vitezslava Novaka." Opus musicum, 4 (1979): 110-113.
    Zouhar, Zdenek. "Dotrpel Theodor Schaefer." Hudebni rozhledy, 8 (1969): 250.
    Zouhar, Zdenek: "Konfese Th. Schaefra posmrtne." Opus musicum, 4 (1969): 114-116.
    Zouhar, Zdenek: "K nedozitym sedmdesatinam Theodora Schaefra." Hudebni rozhledy, 9 (1974): 444-445.


    AUTOGRAPHS

    All autographs (except for opp. 19 and 27) as well as all published works are housed in the The Moravian Museum of Brno. Copies of some of the works1 are available from the Czech Music Fund, Radlicka 99, 150 00 Praha 5, Czech Republic.


    1 2, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 21, 22, 23a, 26 ab, 29, 31, "Pisen o jarni louce," dance "Trasak" for orchestra, dance suite "Marnivci" for orchestra. Published scores: Sonatina for piano, song cycle "Jaro prichazi."


    CZECH VERSION

    Ceska verze stranky ve formatu pdf
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    book cover

    Arne Linka. Hudebni skladatel Theodor Schaefer. Vydalo nakladatelstvi Georgetown ve spolupraci s Masarykovou univerzitou v Brne r. 2002. 152 stran, vcetne 20ti stran obrazove prilohy.
    Monografie je vydana ke stemu vyroci narozeni skladatele. Prvni cast obsahuje zivotopisna data, rozbor skladatelskeho a teoretickeho dila, rejstrik skladeb a bibliografii. Druha cast obsahuje vzpominky soucasniku, soupis dila a obrazovou prilohu. Informace o prodeji publikace: nhonziko@med.muni.cz.








  • Text © Natasa Honzikova, 2004. English version © The Kapralova Society, 2004. Design and hosting: The Kapralova Society.

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